The school year is at an end, and I don’t think anyone who works in education will ever forget the 2019-2020 year! Once again, I have been in awe of all of I have seen school staff and teachers doing to make the end of the year as special and meaningful as they could, so here is Part 2 of my tribute to our amazing educators!
In my previous blog, I shared what some amazing teachers have been doing in remote teaching…and this one will spotlight examples of teachers going out of their way during the last few weeks of the school year!
Porch Visits and Virtual Science Projects
Tamara Engelhardt, a science teacher at Academy Charter School (Home School) in Douglas County School District in Colorado, did social distancing porch visits with her students! While staying a safe distance away, she was able to meet the students’ parents, siblings, and pets, as well as get some photos of them in their yard! Tamara also had her students do science experiments at home and send photos and videos to her….she received some amazing products…watch the wonderful video one student sent her!
More Virtual Science…
Every Spring, Jean Kirshner, a 1st-grade teacher at Mammoth Heights Elementary in Parker, Colorado, always has her students view the metamorphosis of a caterpillar to a butterfly in her classroom. She wasn’t about to let the closing of the school to stop her from doing this once again! So, in her backyard, with her husband filming, she took her students through each step of the process…priceless! See her photos below!
Virtual Social Studies Projects
After their school closed, Ginny Stafford and her 6th-grade teammates (Ryan Swenson and Meghan Jacks) at Mammoth Heights Elementary in Parker, CO, created a step by step video to introduce their students and their parents to remote teaching and Google Hangouts. I love the photos they used for some of the slides!
Ginny teaches Social Studies and has always been an innovative teacher and able to readily adapt to new technologies and methods with ease…in fact, she is often in the forefront of bringing about change at her school! A pandemic did not stop her from facilitating remote projects for her classroom, including a study of a country in the world, then planning their trip there. This project encompassed geography, global awareness, and financial literacy! Below are screenshots from the project.
Annual Events Become Virtual!
Spirit Weeks, fundraisers, Teacher Appreciation Week, proms, continuations, graduations, and continuations have gone VIRTUAL!
Mammoth Heights 6th grade Virtual Continuation: Ginny and her teammates also had the monumental task of planning a virtual 6th-grade Continuation Ceremony. They arranged for a social distancing pick-up day of continuation supplies for their students and then hosted the ceremony on Google Hangouts with students, parents, grandparents, and other relatives around the country. participating. The ceremony included video speeches from the principal, the teachers, and students. The traditional baby photos of the 6th graders were also a part of the ceremony, and it ended with a virtual clap out!
Flat Teacher Project Update!
In the previous blog, I wrote about the Flat Teacher Project that Renee Hartwig-Ott, a first-grade teacher at Stony Creek Elementary in Littleton, Colorado was doing with her students. She mailed all of her students a “flat” version of herself and encouraged them to take photos of what they were doing and where they were taking her flat photo! Check out her wonderful photos (can you see her on the train?).
A Bittersweet Ending to the 2019-2020 School Year…
No one knows what the new school year will bring…it could be more remote/distance teaching, or school done a radically different way. But one thing I do know is that school administration, staff, and teachers will always persevere and find new and innovative ways to teach and connect our kids! I leave you with this quote from the Mammoth Heights 6th grade continuation ceremony…
I believe that a classroom library is the heartbeat of a teacher’s environment. It is the window into an educator’s own personality, and it reflects the importance of literacy in the classroom. I believe that every teacher — no matter what subject he or she teaches — should have one.
Growing up, my favorite place in the world was a library, and it still is! As an adult, I have continued to frequent public libraries, first with my daughters while they were growing up and now on my own. I love that the majority of tutoring I do takes place in public libraries! I remember clearly being in the library of Hartman Elementary School in Omaha Nebraska, around 1968 and discovering Little House on the Prairie, the book that for me, changed my life. I had been a voracious reader before that, but this was a book I connected to in a powerful way.
Teachers need to ensure that our students have opportunities to connect with books, right in their classrooms. Classroom libraries are one of the most important elements of a Literacy-Rich Environment. In my previous post on this topic, I provided an overview of all the important literacy elements for a classroom. Now it’s time to delve more into how to make your classroom library the best it can be!
All students must be able to access, use, and evaluate information in order to meet the needs and challenges of the twenty-first century. – NCTE Statement, May 2017
Note the use of the words “all students”. Classroom libraries are most often associated with primary classrooms, but they need to be in intermediate, middle and high school classrooms. One of my former school colleagues, who now teaches middle school writing, sent me photos of her classroom library in response to a request for photos. She said that her students always ask why she has a classroom library if she teaches writing! I applaud her for having the library, pictured below, because as Stephen King says, “If you want to be a writer, you must do two things above all others: read a lot and write a lot.”
But classroom libraries are not just for reading and writing teachers in middle and high school! Content area teachers should not only have books on and about their content in their classrooms but all kinds of reading material…fiction, informational books, resource, magazines, etc. There will always be those early finishers…of assignments or tests. Why not have reading material handy? Perhaps one of those students in your math class might come across one of your favorite books and ask to borrow it? Every teacher can make a difference in the reading life of a student! Check out the classroom libraries in these classrooms: (l–r, top to bottom – science, art, art again and music). By the way, I put out several requests to teachers for photos of classroom libraries in math, science, social studies, industrial arts, etc. and received NO response. Do you know of any teachers who have one? Let me know!
Now, down to the nuts and bolts of putting together a classroom library. In a presentation at CCIRA many years ago, Linda Cornwell, formerly of Scholastic books, stated that students in classrooms with well-designed and well-stocked library collections:
exhibit more positive attitudes toward reading
read more widely for a variety of purposes
demonstrate higher levels of reading achievement
In addition, she suggested the classroom library should:
look inviting to all students
be organized for easy access and materials
include a comfortable area for reading
offer an array of materials from many genres
Some things to consider when organizing your library:
How will you store your books to make sure they can be easily accessible to students?
My personal preference is colorful, plastic tubs, or even just clear ones. But years ago, while in observing in a classroom, I found this unique storage system…one of those rotating racks they have in stores for browsing!
Do you have guidelines for the use of the library?
I’m sure you don’t want students getting up in the middle of an important lesson to browse for books, so you need to let them know then the library is “open” and when it is “closed”. You could create some signs for your library letting them know when it’s okay to browse. In addition, there need to be guidelines for when students are using the library…here are some ideas:
how to respect books
how to shelve books back in the correct place
the use of quiet voices in the library and the importance of respecting others’ reading time
Have you shown students how to find materials? Are there signs to help them?
Just as modeling when teaching something new to your students, you will need to model and/or explain how to use and check out and return materials from the library. The younger the student, the more modeling is needed. For secondary classrooms, the procedures can be more relaxed, but I’m sure you still don’t want to lose everything in your library! Check out this teacher’s blog post on how she introduces her classroom library to her students!
How have you categorized and arranged the materials? Does the organization promote the reading of different types of materials?
I love that Teachers Pay Teachers have sellers who offer book bin labels in all genres! And of course, you can always make your own!
I found several blogs and websites for ideas on how to organize your library. This blog discusses organizing the library by genre; Reading Rockets stresses that there is no right or wrong way to organize and they offer several suggestions, including the reminder to LABEL your books so they can find their way home if misplaced. Here’s a blog on Scholastic with more organization ideas.
Does your library invite browsing and using? Is there a comfortable area to read?
Check out these photos and decide for yourself! (Note that you don’t need to spend a lot of money to make it inviting and have comfortable seating…pillows, a rug, a lamp, beach chairs….just simple things will work!
Do many of the books have their covers facing out?
I had never even thought about having my books facing out (probably because I was an intermediate teacher coming from a high school teaching job) until I read the chapter in Jim Trelease’s book, The Read-Aloud Handbook, and learned about rain gutters in the classroom…wait, what? Rain gutters? YES! Trelease promoted the practice of hanging rain gutters on your classroom wall in order to house books with their covers facing out. Think about it…when you go to a book store next time, look around to see HOW many books are facing out so buyers will notice them. So, the same thing in the classroom; books facing out will help the “buyers” in your classroom notice books easier. And while you are teaching a lesson, those students whose minds wander can study all the books and decide which one to check out sooner.
After I talked about this idea and showed photos at our district literacy training sessions, we suddenly had a rash of rain gutters popping up in classrooms! Eventually, when new schools were built, shelves specifically for this purpose were added. But even if you don’t have shelving like this, there are other ways to have your books facing out. Check out the photo gallery below.
Oh, and last but not least…if you are a new teacher who does not have many books for your library, and you can’t necessarily afford a binge at Barnes and Noble…here are a few ideas for finding books:
Getting students absorbed in meaningful, purposeful literacy activities requires a number of significant changes in the classroom – in the physical environment, in the events and activities, and in the nature and quality of the interactions. – Noel Jones
By now, your classrooms are all set up, decorated and in full use by your students! But I have a question to ask you: Is your classroom Literacy-Rich? During my tenure as a district literacy trainer for Douglas County Schools in Colorado, I trained hundreds of elementary and secondary teachers in a program for best practices in teaching literacy that we called LIFT (Literacy Instructional Framework for Teaching). This program was based on the program, California Early Literacy Learning.
One of the most important components of LIFT was ensuring that teachers, especially those in elementary schools and teaching secondary Language Arts, had a “literacy-rich environment” in their classroom. Dr. Kimberly Tyson defines this environment as: “a setting that encourages and supports speaking, listening, reading, and writing in a variety of authentic ways – through print & digital media”. During our LIFT training, we focused on the following components of the “LRE”: classroom materials, classroom design/layout and reading and writing through authentic activities.
Classroom Materials: The Classroom Library
The classroom materials necessary for an LRE include books, books, and more books, as well as other print materials: magazines, comic books, online reading material, as well as print on the walls, writing materials, and displays of student work. During our training sessions, I spent a great deal of time discussing classroom libraries and how best to make them inviting, organized and useful. As an elementary teacher back in 1994, I had never been taught how to set up an effective classroom library, and mine was appalling, as evidenced in this photo. Yup, that’s it..both sides of the rolling cart filled with books! Inviting…NO! Organized…NO!
At our training sessions, I began by asking our teachers this question: Is the classroom library inviting, providing a range of quality books at all appropriate levels? However, it’s not enough to have an inviting classroom library, it needs to be organized! Teachers can use many methods to organize…using bins/baskets separated by popular authors, levels of books, topics, etc. There must also be a clear and easy check-out system. Check out the photo gallery of some exemplary classroom libraries!
(Click on each picture in the photo tile below for explanation and credit!)
Kelly’s 5th Grade Classroom Library
Leslie’s Pre-School Classroom Library
Carol’s Middle School Book Display
Sarah’s 4th grade classroom library!
Classroom library in Renee’s 2nd grade classroom.
After leaving the classroom and moving into offices as either a literacy, GT or RtI specialist, I managed to hang on to some sort of classroom libraries: (notice the Laura Ingalls Wilder shrine on the right!)
Photo by Jan
Photo by Jan
Classroom Materials: Words All Over the Place!
“A print–rich environment is one in which “children interact with many forms of print, including signs, labeled centers, wall stories, word displays, labeled murals, bulletin boards, charts, poems, and other printed materials” (Kadlic and Lesiak, 2003).
What goes on your classroom walls is important as well! I never learned about an LRE in my teacher prep training, but I attempted it in my 5th/6th-grade classroom…sometimes to excess! Some of my displays probably overwhelmed my students…evidence below:
All grade levels need to have a great deal of print on the walls that assist students with (depending on the grade level) the alphabet, sight words, phonics concepts, writing and content vocabulary. Of course, you can buy commercial posters, make some online, or print on chart paper. But more ownership comes when these materials are created with the help of the students through Interactive Writing (sometimes also called Shared Writing). Check out the interactive writing that students can continue to refer to during the school year…(these were all taken in Douglas County School District classrooms during my literacy training years, 2006-2009). More on interactive writing, including how to use it with older students, and in content areas, in a future blog!
I even tried to maintain a print-rich environment in and right outside of my offices once I left the classroom! This was a display in the hall outside my door for our upcoming all-school Star Wars Day my GT students were planning!
And don’t forget Word Walls! There are so many ways to create word walls: on the wall (of course) personal word walls, or electronic word walls. Content area classrooms in secondary schools should have them too and so should art, music, and PE teachers! More on Word Walls in a future blog!
More tudent written words – Photo by Jan
Word Wall using a felt backdrop; perfect for teachers who track in & out of classrooms!
Abby Schmitz’s personal sight word rings for her 2nd grade students.
Abby’s Word Wall lists
I love how eye catching and colorful this wall is! – Abby Schmitz, 2nd grade a Ruth Hill Elementary in Lincoln NE
(Click on each picture in the photo tile above for explanation and credit!)
Classroom Design and Layout
“The room arrangement should encourage repeated opportunities to interact with literacy materials and activities to practice skills that students are learning.” (Gunn, Simmons, & Kameenui, 1995)
Another question teachers need to ask themselves is: Does the room arrangement support all literacy activities of the instructional framework? How your room is set-up can affect how successful your literacy activities are! What area will allow for a large enough classroom library, where students can both read and browse for books? Where will content print be hung so that students can use as a reference? And most importantly, where is your whole class meeting area? This is something that I never had in my 90’s intermediate classroom; again, I had never been taught or told to have one! But in my classroom visits, I saw the power of this space, not only in primary classrooms but also in intermediate! These areas are used for read-aloud, shared reading, interactive writing, interactive editing (all topics coming soon to this blog!) and mini-lessons. And of course, they can be used for class meetings as well. You also need an area for your small group instruction work. Check out some ways teachers have designed their whole-class meeting and small group instruction areas!
(Click on each picture in the photo tile below for explanation and credit!)
This was my small group area in the RtI classroom at my school!
Here is Abby’s Guided Reading area!
Kelly’s whole class meeting area for her 5th graders.
Children who are successful at becoming literate view reading and writing as authentic activities from which they get information and pleasure, and by which they communicate with others. – Richard Allington, Classrooms That Work
Finally, a literacy-rich environment needs to include authentic literacy activities, not ones created by publishing companies (disclaimer: nothing wrong with using these occasionally, but authentic stuff creates better readers/writers!). NWEA states that: “Authentic learning occurs when activities or projects offer students an opportunity to directly apply their knowledge or skills to real-world situations.” So what are examples of authentic literacy activities? Here are a few ideas in the slideshow below: daily class or personal news, novel character texts (I used http://ios.foxsash.com/), real text from tutoring student to parent using a vocabulary word, thank you notes, a character “Fakebook” page using Classtools.net, or this Google Doc template, and an Instagram template! For more ideas, check out my Pinterest board on the Literacy-Rich Environment for even more!
Daily News done in a primary classroom
To work on character traits, I had my students create fake text messages from novel characters using: http://ios.foxsash.com/
Thank you notes for other staff members or parent volunteers
Daily news done in a primary classroom
Created with Fakebook Tool on Classtools.net
Real text message to parent using vocabulary word
Instagram template for literacy activities
This was created by Derrick Waddell and is available in the template gallery of Google Docs
And that’s a wrap for this week! I would like to thank the following teachers for sharing photos of their classrooms!
Kelly Broecker, 5th grade, Gold Rush Elementary in Parker, CO
Sarah Rumsey, 3rd grade, Aspen Crossing Elementary in Aurora, CO
Renee Hartwig-Ott, 2nd grade, Westgate Elementary School in Lakewood, CO
Carol McRae, 6th-grade writing, Sagewood Middle School, Parker, CO
Abby Schmitz, 2nd grade, Ruth Hill, Lincoln NE
Leslie Schlag, Pre-School, Cherokee Trails Elementary, Parker, CO
Angela Davis, Kindergarten, Saddle Ranch Elementary, Highlands Ranch, CO
The many K-12 Douglas County School District teachers who attended my literacy training sessions (LIFT) from 2006-2009!
Click on the links below for more information and details about each of the aspects of a literacy-rich classroom!
Classroom Design and Layout